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Standardization: templates and formats
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Standardization: templates and formats

Bibliographic transition

The challenge of the bibliographicalAbes transition

Led jointly by the Abes and BnF under the authority of the Strategic Bibliography Committee (CSB), the national program Transition Bibliographique is part of an international dynamic of modeling library metadata according to the IFLA-LRM model.

Professional associations and training organisations are strongly associated to implement this transformation cataloguing practices. The operational tasks are distributed and coordinated within the framework of three national working groups in whichAbes the professionals of the ESR's data production networks are involved:

more information: follow the work of the TB programme on the Transition Bibliography site

Supporting the adoption of the RDA cataloguing code - Resources: Description and access

The exposure and visibility of catalogue data on the web is a fundamental challenge for libraries. Published in 2010, the cataloguing code RDA - Resources: Description and Access has the ambition to offer an international response to this need, through a new approach to metadata.

While coming as close as possible to RDA, the decisions taken at the national level are in the direction of preserving French cataloguing analysis. The publication of these new rules is in progress and should continue until 2022. They take the form of a cataloguing code, entitled RDA-FR: Transposition française de RDA, which is gradually replacing the old AFNOR cataloguing standards .

RDA is one of the first cataloguing codes to follow the conceptual models of documentary metadata (FRBR and FRAD, then IFLA-LRM) and the International Principles of Cataloguing published in 2009, focusing on the comfort of the catalogue user and the most structured resource analysis possible.

Although developed as part of the updating of AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules), its development was accompanied by a broad international consultation so that it could be implemented beyond the AACR user community, and the internationalisation of RDA has been amplified since 2018 with the publication of a new version of the international standard.


Accompanying modelling work: from FRBR to IFLA-LRM

Initiated in the early 1990s, work on modelling documentary metadata led to the implementation of FRBRs, the model that formed the basis for the major revision of cataloguing codes starting in 2000. The FRAD and FRSAD models were then designed to model authority data.

A second version of the FRBRs, named FRBRoo (object oriented / orienté objet), has been developed as part of a rapprochement with the CIDOC-CRM model defined for museographic data.

IFLA-LRM (Library Reference Model)

Status: conceptual model
1st edition: 2017
Current Edition: 2017

Published last August 2017, the model IFLA-LRM succeeds the FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD models by simplifying and harmonising them.

IFLA-LRM is a generic model designed as an ontology for the Semantic Web that integrates the four basic FRBR entities (work, expression, manifestation, item) while adding new ones (res, agent, time lapse, nomen), which allows to establish a hierarchy between entities and provides solutions on points where the FRBR model was lacking.

IFLA-LRM thus paves the way for true entity cataloging in document systems, for new data production processes and for a renewed presentation of data via the public interfaces of library catalogues.

This important modeling work is gaining interest as part of the powerful movement to insert documentary metadata into the Data Web.

  • English version. Consolidation Editorial Group of the IFLA FRBR Review Group. IFLA Library Reference Model: A Conceptual Model for Bibliographic Information. 2017.

Implementation of the International Cataloguing Principles (ICP)

Status: international standard
1st edition: 2009
Current Edition: 2016

Developed in 2009 under the aegis of IFLA following expert meetings and an international consultation over more than five years, the International Cataloguing Principles replace the Paris Principles published in 1961. They take into account the modelling work that led to the publication of the FRBRs and FRADs, with which they form a corpus on which the new bibliographic metadata standards and new cataloguing codes are based.

  • English version. IFLA Cataloguing Section and IFLA Meetings of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code. Statement of International Cataloguing Principles. 2016
  • French version. IFLA Cataloguing Section and IFLA Expert Meetings for an International Code of Cataloguing. International Principles of Cataloguing. Translated by Françoise Bourdon, Françoise Leresche, Catherine Marandas. 2009.

Please note: the 2016 version is not yet translated into French.